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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
ÊãÊ ÏÑÇÓÉ ÇáÃËÑ ÇáãÑÖí áØÝíáí ÇáãËÞÈíÉ ÇáÝÇíÝßÓíÉ ((T. vivax Ýí ãÌãæÚÉ ãä ÃÈÞÇÑ ÇáßäÇäÉ. áÞÏ Êã ÚÒá ÇáØÝíá ÇáãÓÊÚãá Ýí ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ ãä ÚÌæá ÃÈÞÇÑ ÃæÑÈíÉ Ýí ãäØÞÉ ÓäÇÑ ÇáÊí ÊÈÚÏ ÍæÇáí 500 ßáã ãä ÇÞÑÈ ãäØÞÉ áÐÈÇÈÉ Çáäæã (Tsetse fly) . æÌÏÊ ÇáÚÌæá ÐÇÊ ÞÇÈáíÉ ááÚÏæì Úáí ÇáÑÛã ãä Ãä ÚÌæá ÃÈÞÇÑ ÇáßäÇäÉ áã ÊÕÈ  ÈÇáÚÏæì ÇáØÈíÚíÉ Ýí ãßÇä ÚÒá ÇáØÝíáì.ãÇÊ ﴽÑÈÚÉ ãä ÇáÎãÓå ÚÌæá ÇáÊí ÃÕíÈÊ ÈÇáãÑÖ æßÇäÊ Ãåã ÃÚÑÇÖ ÇáãÑÖ åí Íãí æÝÞÏ ááÔåíÉ æÎãæá. ßãÇ ÔãáÊ ÕæÑ ÇáÃÚÑÇÖ ÇáãÑÖíÉ Ýí ÇáÚÌæá ÊæÇÌÏ ØÝíáí ÇáãËÞÈíÉ ÇáÝÇíÝßÓíÉ Ýí ÇáÏã¡ ÇäÎÝÇÖ Ýí ÚÏÏ ßÑæíÇÊ ÇáÏã ÇáÍãÑÇÁ (ÃÞá ãä 1210x2 /á ) æ ÊÑßíÒ ÎÖÇÈ ÇáÏã (6 Ìã/Ïá) æãÊæÓØ ÍÌã ÇáÎáÇíÇ ÇáãÑÕæãÉ – (%20)-PCV æÒíÇÏÉ Ýí ÚÏÏ ßÑíÇÊ ÇáÏã ÇáÈíÖÇÁ /910x11)/á)  æãÊæÓØ ÍÌã ÇáÎáíÉ Ýá/120-60)-MCV Ýá) æãÊæÓØ ÎÖÇÈ ÇáßÑíÉ- 30-15)-MCH ÈÌã/á) ÈíäãÇ ßÇä ãÊæÓØ ÊÑßíÒ ÎÕÇÈ ÇáßÑíÉ Çáßáí (MCHC) Ýí äØÇÞ ÇáÍÏæÏ ÇáÚÇÏíÉ (%40-25).ﴽÙåÑ ÊÔÑíÍ ÌËË ÇáÚÌæá ÇáãíÊÉ ÇßÊÓÇÁ ßá ÇáÌËÉ ÈÇááæä ÇáÃÕÝÑ (íÑÞÇä)¡ ÑÎÇæÉ Ýí ÇáÞáÈ æÖãæÑ ãÕáí ÈíäãÇ áã íÊÃËÑ ÍÌã ßá ãä ÇáßÈÏ Ãæ ÇáØÍÇá (ÍÌã ÚÇÏí). ßãÇ ÇÊÖÍ ãä ÏÑÇÓÉ ÇáÃäÓÌÉ ÇáÏÞíÞÉ ÇáãÑíÖÉ ﴽä åäÇß ÇäÊÔÇÑÇð ááÎáÇíÇ ÇááíãÝÇæíÉ æÇáÈÇáÚÉ æÎáÇíÇ ÇáÈáÇÒãÇ Ýí ÇáÚÖáÇÊ ÇáåíßáíÉ æÇáßÈÏ æÇáßáí æÇáÎÕíÊíä æÇáÚÞÏ ÇááíãÝÇæíÉ æÊÖÎã æÊÝßß Ýí Ç áÎáÇíÇ ÇáßÈÏíÉ æäÒÝ Ýí Çáßáí.


Summary
The pathology of Trypanosoma vivax was studied in a group of Kenana calves. The strain  was isolated from a naturally infected foreign breed calves in Sinnar area, 500 km north of the tsetse area. Kenana calves were susceptible to the experimental infection, although animals of local types were not found to be naturally infected in the farm where the parasite was isolated. Four out of the five experimentally infected calves died. The main symptoms were fever, inappetence and dullness. The clinical pathological picture of the disease was characterized by parasitaemia, reduction in RBCs count (2x1012/L), Hb concentration (6g/dl) and PCV (20%) and increase in WBCs count (11x109/l), MCV (60-120/fl) and MCH (15-30 pg/l)  whereasMCHC was within the normal limits (25%-40%). In gross pathology, jaundice all over the carcass, serous atrophy, flabby heart  and,  normal  spleen  and  liver  were  observed. 

 Histopathologically, infiltration of lymphocytes, macrophages and plasma cells into the skeletal muscles, liver, kidneys, lungs, testis and lymph nodes, swelling and dissociation of hepatocytes, and haemorrhages in the kidneys were the prominent features.
 

 
 
   
 
 

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