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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
            ÃÚÏÊ åÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ ÇáÃæáíÉ áÊÞÕì æÈÇÆíÉ ãÑÖ ÇáÏÑä Ýí ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ æ ãÞÇÑäÉ Ðáß ÈãÏì ÇäÊÔÇÑå Ýí ÇáÅäÓÇä Ýí ÈáÏÉ ÝíÊÔì ÇáÃËíæÈíÉ. ÔãáÊ ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ 170 (ãÇÆÉ æ ÓÈÚíä) ÍíÇÒÉ ãäÒáíÉ ááÃÈÞÇÑ ÊÍÊæì Úáì ÚÏÏ 735 ÑÃÓÇð ÈÇáÅÖÇÝÉ Åáì 170 ÃÓÑÉ ãÇáßÉ áåÐå ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ Ýí åÐå ÇáãäØÞÉ. ÇáæÓÇÆá ÇáÊì ÇÓÊÎÏãÊ Ýí ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ åí ÇÎÊÈÇÑ ÇáÊíæÈÑßáíä¡ ÒÑÇÚÉ 15 ÚíäÉ ãä ÃáÈÇä ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ æ10 ãÓÍÇÊ ÃäÝíÉ æÇÓÊÈíÇä. ÃÙåÑÊ äÊíÌÉ ÇÎÊÈÇÑ ÇáÊíæÈÑßáíä Ýí ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ Ãä äÓÈÉ 15.3% (170/26) ãä ÇáÞØÚÇä æ 4.2% (31/735) ãä ÇáÇÈÞÇÑ ÇáãÕÇÈÉ ÈÇáÏÑä ÈíäãÇ áã ÊÚØ ÇáÚíäÇÊ ÇáÊì ÒÑÚÊ äÊÇÆÌ ÅíÌÇÈíÉ. ÍááÊ åÐå ÇáäÊÇÆÌ ÅÍÕÇÆíÇ æÃÙåÑÊ æÌæÏ ÚáÇÞÉ Èíä ÝÕíáÉ ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ æ ÇáÍÇáÉ ÇáÅäÊÇÌíÉ æ ÇáÍÇáÉ ÇáÌÓÏíÉ ááÃÈÞÇÑ Ãæ ãÚÏá ÇáÅÕÇÈÉ æ ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáãÒÇÑÚ. ÇÙåÑ ÇáßÔÝ Úáì ãÇáßí ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ ÈÇáãÏíäÉ Ãä 14 ÃÓÑÉ ãä ÌãáÉ 170 (8.1%) ãÕÇÈÉ ÈÇáÏÑä¡ ßãÇ ÊÃßÏÊ ÅÕÇÈÉ 17 ÔÎÕÇð ãä Êáß ÇáÃÓÑ  ÈÙåæÑ ÇáÃÚÑÇÖ æäÊÇÆÌ ÝÍÕ ÇááÚÇÈ æÕæÑ ÇáÃÔÚÉ. ÊÝíÏ ÊÞÇÑíÑ ãÓÊÔÝì ÇáãÏíäÉ Úä ÇáÝÊÑÉ ãä  ÓÈÊãÈÑ 1991 Åáì ÝÈÑÇíÑ 2000 Ãä  1034 ÔÎÕÇð ÞÏ ÒÇÑæÇ ÇáãÓÊÔÝì ááÚáÇÌ ãä ÇáãÑÖ. ÊÙåÑ ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ Ãä åäÇß ÚáÇÞÉ ãÇ Èíä ÇäÊÔÇÑ ÇáãÑÖ Ýí ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ æÇäÊÞÇáå ááÅäÓÇä æáßä äÓÈÉ ÇáÍÇáÇÊ ÇáÈÔÑíÉ áíÓÊ ÎØíÑÉ æÈÏÑÌÉ ÊÓãÍ ÈÇãÊáÇß ÇáÃÈÞÇÑ ÈæÇÓØÉ ÇáãæÇØäíä æÝí ÇáãÞÇÈá áÇÈÏ ãä ÊÝÚíá ÏæÑ ÇáÅÑÔÇÏ ÇáÕÍí ãäÈåÇð Åáì ÃåãíÉ ÞÊá ÇáãíßÑæÈ ÈæÇÓØÉ Ûáí ÇáÍáíÈ ßÖÑæÑÉ ÕÍíÉ.


Summary
A preliminary study was conducted in Fitche town from November 1999 to April 2000 to assess the epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) on 170 herds containing 735 head of cattle and its zoonotic implications on 170 households owning these animals. The methods applied were comparative intradermal tuberculin test (CIDT), mycobacteriological examinations and questionnaire survey.  Herd and individual animal prevalences of BTB were 15.3% (26/170) and 4.2% (31/735), respectively.  Statistically, significant association was observed between  breed(P=0.02),  reproductive status (P=0.001), body condition (P=0.011) or management (P=0.010) and prevalence of BTB.                       
            No growth of Mycobaterium bovis (M. bovis) was observed on Lewenstein-Jensen medium by culturing 15 milk samples and 10 nasal swabs from reactor cattle. Out of the 170 households, 14(8.23%) had human tuberculosis (TB) in their families; 17 confirmed cases (clinical,  smear  or  chest  X-ray  examinations)

of human TB were recorded, of which 15 were pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and 2 were extrapulmonary (EPTB). Analysis of data registered in Fitche hospital from September 1991to February 2000 showed a total of 1034 TB cases, 209(20.2%) were EPTB.  The association between reactor cattle and human TB in household was marginally significant (14/170 vs. 2/170, McNemars χ2 =4, P=0.0455). In conclusion, the result of the present study revealed a low prevalence of BTB in stallholder dairy farms, thus encouraging their expansion in the future. On the other hand, although no  M. bovis was isolated from the milk of reactor cows, public education on the boiling of milk before consumption is recommended.

 
 
   
 
 

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