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Summary
Haemorrhagic Septicaemia(HS) is a contagious, peracute, acute or chronic highly fatal bacterial disease of domestic and wild animals. The disease is endemic in most parts of tropical and subtropical Asia and Africa, and is caused by Pasteurella multocida serotypes B:2 and E:2, respectively. Both serotypes have been reported from Sudan and other African countries. The disease is endemic in the Sudan and was reported nearly from all parts of the country. Conventional methods and recently developed molecular techniques are used for the diagnosis.  The control of the disease depends mainly upon immunization with killed adjuvant vaccines. In Sudan, P.multocida B:2 and E:2 vaccine strains are routinely used for immunization against HS. Research has been directed mainly towards production and development of an improved vaccine.
Up-to-date literature on the epidemiological, pathological, bacteriological and immunological aspects is reviewed with emphasis on, and relevance to, Sudan condition.
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