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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
ÃÌÑíÊ ÏÑÇÓÉ áãÑÖ ÇáÈÑæÓíáÇ Ýí 2628 ÑÃÓÇﹰ ãä ÇáÖÃä ãä ãÕÇÏÑ ÊÑÈíÉ ÊÞáíÏíÉ ãÎÊáÝÉ Ýí æáÇíÇÊ ÏÇÑÝæÑ ¡ ÛÑÈ ÇáÓæÏÇä ÈÅÓÊÎÏÇã  ÅÎÊÈÇÑÇÊ ÇáÈäÞÇá ÇáÕÍäì æÇáÊáÇÒä ÇáãÕáí ááãÚÏá ÇáÃäÈæÈí æ ÇáãËÈÊ ÇáãÊãã æÇáÍáíÈ ÇáÍáÞí æÇáãÞÇíÓÉ  ÇáãäÇÚíÉ ÇáÊäÇÝÓíÉ ÇáãÑÊÈØÉ ÈÇáÇäÒíã. . æáÞÏ æÌÏÊ äÓÈ ÅäÊÔÇÑ ÇáãÑÖ Ýí æáÇíÇÊ ÌäæÈ¡ æÛÑÈ æÔãÇá ÏÇÑÝæÑ
3% (65/ 2315) ¡ 12.9% (19 / 147) æ 1.8% (3/ 166)Úáì ÇáÊæÇáí . æáÞÏ ÃæÖÍÊ ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ äÓÈ ÇáÅÕÇÈÉ Ýí 14 ãÍÇÝÙÉ Ýí ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáËáÇË. äÓÈ ÇáÅÕÇÈÉ Ýí ÇáÖÃä ÊÍÊ ÇáÊÑÈíÉ ÇáãÓÊÞÑÉ æÇáÔÈå ãÊÑÍáÉ æÇáãÊÑÍáÉ æÇáãÔÊÑÇå ãä ÇáÃÓæÇÞ Ýí ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáËáÇË ßÇäÊ ¡ 6.6%(21/317) ¡ 3%(17 / 620)¡ 2.5%(37 / 383) æ 4.5% (10/ 244 ) Úáì ÇáÊæÇáí . ÃãÇ äÓÈÉ ÇáÅÕÇÈÉ ÇáÚÇãÉ ÝßÇäÊ  3.3%(87/ 2628). ßÇä ÇáÅÌåÇÖ ãä ÇáÃÚÑÇÖ ÇáÓÑíÑíÉ ÇáÑÆíÓÉ ááãÑÖ ææÌÏ Ãä  12(15.9%)  ãä ÇáäÚÇÌ ÇáãÌåÖÉ ãæÌÈÉ ááãÑÖ  æÍÇáÉ æÇÍÏÉ ãä ÎãÓ ÍÇáÇÊ ÅáÊåÇÈ ÇáÎÕíÉ äÊíÌÉ ááãÑÖ æ 41.7%(25/60) ãÑÇÍÇﹰ æ 22%(4/18) ãÌãæÚÉ ÎáíØ ãä ÇáÖÃä æÍíæÇäÇÊ ÃÎÑì ãÕÇÈå ÈÇáÈÑæÓíáÇ. ÈÇáÑÛã ãä Ãä ÇáãÑÖ æÌÏ Ýí ÍÇáÇÊ ÞáíáÉ æãÊÝÑÞÉ áßäå ãäÊÔÑ Ýí ãÚÙã ÇáãÍÇÝÙÇÊ æÑÈãÇ íÓÈÈ ãÔßáÉ Ýí ÇáãÓÊÞÈá. ÊæÕì ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ ÈÅÓÊãÑÇÑ ÇáãÓÍ áÊÍÏíÏ ÇáãäÇØÞ ÇáãæÈæÁÉ ÈÇáÈÑæÓíáÇ ãáíÊäÓÓ(B. melitensis) æÇáÈÑæÓíáÇ ÇáãÌåÖÉ(B. abortus) æÅÊÎÇÐ ÇáÊÏÇÈíÑ ÇááÇÒãÉ ááÓíØÑÉ Úáì ÇáãÑÖ ÈÇáÊØÚíã  æÅÊÈÇÚ ÇáÃÓÇáíÈ ÇáÕÍíÉ ÇáãäÇÓÈå.


Summary
Brucellosis was studied in 2628 sheep raised under traditional farming systems in Darfur states, western Sudan. Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT), Serum Agglutination test (SAT), modified SAT (mSAT), Complement Fixation Test (CFT), Milk Ring test (MRT) and competitive Enzyme linked Immunosorbent Assay (cELISA) were used in the study.
The prevalence rates of the disease in South, West and North Darfur States were 3% (65/2315), 12.9% (19/147) and 1.8%(3/166), respectively. The rates in 14 provinces of the states were given. The prevalence rates under sedentary, semi-nomadic and nomadic husbandry methods and in stocks from animal markets in the three states were 6.6% (21/317), 3% (17/620), 2.5% (37/1383) and 4.5% (10/244), respectively. The overall prevalence rate was 3.3% (87/2628).
Abortion  was  the  main clinical manifestation of the disease and 15.8 %  (12 / 76) of  the  aborted  ewes  reported  to  the  Veterinary 
Authorities were positive for Brucellosis.  One of the five cases of orchitis examined was due to brucellosis. Twenty-five out of 60 herd (41.7%) and 4 out of 18 flock of sheep (22%) and other domestic animal species owned by different owners were found infected.
The disease was widespread, occurred in most of the provinces and may constitutes a future problem. This work should be continued to delineate areas infected with Brucella melitensis and those infected with B. abortus (if any) and prompt measures should to be taken to control the disease by vaccination and hygienic practices.

 

 
 
   
 
 

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