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  ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
               ÃÌÑíÊ åÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ áãÚÑÝÉ ÞÇÈáíÉ ÇáãÇÚÒ ÇáäæÈí ááÅÕÇÈÉ ÈØÝíá ÇáãËÞÈíÉ  Trypanosoma vivax æÇáÊÃËíÑ ÇáãÑÖì ááØÝíá  ÚáíåÇ. æÐáß ÈÍÞä ØÝíá Úä ØÑÈÞ ÇáæÑíÏ ÚÒá ãä ÈÞÑÉ ãÕÇÈÉð ÈãäØÞÉ ÇáÓæßì ÈæáÇíÉ ÓäÇÑ¡ ÇáÓæÏÇä. ÃÙåÑÊ ÇáÊÛííÑÇÊ ÇáÊÔÑíÍíÉ ÇáÚíÇäíÉ ÔÍæÈ ÇáÃÛÔíÉ ÇáãÎÇØíÉ¡ áæä ÇáÏã ÇáÈÇåÊ¡ ÖãæÑ ÇáÚÖáÇÊ¡ äÒÝ Çáßáì æÇÍÊÞÇä ÇáÏãÇÛ¡ ßãÇ ÙåÑÊ ÚÏÉ ÊÛíÑÇÊ ãÌåÑíÉ Ýí ÃäÓÌÉ ÈÚÖ ÇáÃÚÖÇÁ  ÇáÏÇÎáíÉ ÃåãåÇ:- ÅÑÊÔÇÍ ÇáÎáÇíÇ æÍíÏÉ ÇáäæÇÉ ãÚ æÌæÏ ÝÑÇÛÇÊ Ýí ÎáÇíÇ ÈÑßäÌì Ýí ÇáÞáÈ¡ ÅÍÊÞÇä äÎÑ æ ÎËÑå æÚÇÆíÉ Ýí ÇáßÈÏ¡ ÒíÇÏÉ Ýí Óãß ÇáÝæÇÕá ÇáäÓíÌíÉ Ýí ÇáÑÆÉ¡ ÊÑÓíÈ ÕÈÛÉ ÇáåíãæÓíÏÑíä Ýí ÇáØÍÇá¡ äÒÝ Ýí äÎÇÚ Çáßáí ãÚ  ÊäßÓ ÎáÇíÇ ÇáÃäÇÈíÈ ÇáÈæáíÉ¡ ÃíÖÇ äÒÝ æÊäßÑÒ Ýí ÎáÇíÇ ÇáÛÏÉ ÇáßÙÑíÉ¡ æÐãÉ ãÚ æÌæÏ ÎËÑå Ýí ÈÚÖ ÇáÃæÚíÉ ÇáÏãæíÉ  Ýí ÇáÛÏÏ ÇááíãÝÇæíÉ¡ ÈíäãÇ ÃÙåÑ ÇáÏãÇÛ ÏÈÇÞ æ ÝÑÇÛÇÊ Ýí ÇáãÇÏÉ ÇáÑãÇÏíÉ ãÚ ÊäßÑÒ ÇáÎáÇíÇ ÇáÚÕÈíÉ æ ÃÙåÑÊ ÇáÎÕí¡ äÎÑ æ ÃæÑÇã ÍÈíÈíå ãÊÚÏÏÉ. ÔãáÊ ÏÑÇÓÉ ÇáãÚÇáã Ýí ãÕá ÇáÏ㺠ÒíÇÏÉ ãÚäæíÉ Ýí  ÊÑßíÒ ÇáÈÑæÊíä Çáßáì¡ÇáÌáæÈíæáíä¡ ÝÚÇáíÉ ÅäÒíã ÇáÇÓÈÇÑÊíÊ Çãíäæ ÊÑÇäÝíÑíÓ æÇáíæÑíÇ. ÇãÇ ÊÑÇßíÒ ÇáÇáÈíæãíä¡ ÇáßÑíÇÊäíä æ ÃãáÇÍ ÇáÕæÏíæã æ ÇáÈæÊÇÓíæã ÝÞÏ ÙáÊ ØÈíÚíå.  äÎáÕ ãä åÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ Çáí Ãä ÐßæÑ ÇáãÇÚÒ ÇáäæÈí Ðæ ÞÇÈáíÉ ááÅÕÇÈÉ ÈØÝíá  , T. VivaxÇáÐí íãßä Çä íäÞá ãíßÇäíßíÇ ÈæÇÓØÉ ÇáÍÔÑÇÊ ÇáÚÇÖÉ.

Summary
The susceptibility of Nubian goats to Trypanosoma vivax (T. vivax) infection was studied using an isolate obtained from an infected cow at ElSuki District, Sennar State (tsetse flies free area), Sudan. Gross changes included pale mucuous membranes, watery blood, muscle atrophy, renal haemorrhages and congestion brain.
The most common histopathological changes were wide-spread infiltrations of mononuclear cell in several organs, vacuolation of Purkinje cells of the heart. The livers displayed congestion and areas of coagulative necrosis. Lungs showed thickening of the alveolar septa. Sections of spleen revealed deposition of haemosiderin pigment. Changes in kidneys included haemorrhages in the medullary rays and degeneration of tubular cells. Adrenal glands showed haemorrhages and degeneration of some cortical cells. There were oedema and thrombosis in some blood vessels in the lymph nodes.
The brain displayed gliosis, while testes showed necrosis and multiple granulomas. Serum biochemical alterations included significant increase (P>0.05) in aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total proteins, globulins and urea values.
No significant alterations (P<0.05 (rarely were observed in serum albumin, creatinine, sodium (Na+) and potassium (K+) values. It can be concluded that Nubian male goats are highly susceptible to experimentally induced T. vivax infection that transmitted mechanically by biting flies.


 


 

 
 
   
 
 

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