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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË

ÃÌÑì ÇáãÓÍ ÇáãÕáì áãÑÖ ÇáÈÑæÓíáíå Ýí ÚÏÏ 1554 ÑÃÓÇﹰ ãä ÇáãÇÚÒ Ýí æáÇíÇÊ ÏÇÑÝæÑ ÇáËáÇË. ÅÓÊÎÏãÊ ÅÎÊÈÇÑÇÊ ÇáÈäÌÇá ÇáæÑÏì ÇáÕÍäì ÇáãÕáì æÇáãËÈÊ ÇáãÊãã  æÇááÈä ÇáÍáÞí æãÞÇíÓÉ ÇáÇãÊÕÇÕ ÇáãäÇÚì ÇáÊäÇÝÓíÉ ÇáãÑÊÈØ ÈÇáÇäÒíã Ýí ÊÔÎíÕ ÇáãÑÖ¡ ÃãÇ ÅÎÊÈÇÑ ÇáÊáÇÒä ÇáãÕáí ÝÞÏ ÇÓÊÎÏã áÊÍÏíÏ ãÞÇÓíÉ ÇáÃÖÏÇÏ Ýí ÇáÃãÕÇá. áÞÏ æÌÏ ÇáãÑÖ ÈäÓÈ ÖÆíáÉ æãÊÝÑÞÉ æåäÇáß ÈÄÑ ÈäÓÈ ÚÇáíå Ýì ÇáÖÃä æÇáãÇÚÒ Ýí æáÇíÊí ÌäæÈ æÛÑÈ ÏÇÑÝæÑ æÝí ÞØÚÇä ÇáãÇÚÒ ÇáãÎÊáØÉ ÈÇáÃÈÞÇÑ ÇáãÕÇÈÉ ÈÇáãÑÖ æÇáÊí ÔåÏÊ ãæÌÇÊ ÅÌåÇÖ ÚÇÑãÉ .äÓÈ ÇäÊÔÇÑ ÇáãÑÖ Ýí ÇáãÇÚÒ ÊÍÊ ØÑÞ ÇáÊÑÈíÉ ÇáÊÞáíÏíÉ ÈÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÏÇÑÝæÑ ÇáãÎÊáÝÉ æÝí ÇáÌäÓíä ßÇäÊ ßÃáÂÊí: 14(5.6%) ãä 251 Ýí ÇáãÓÊÞÑÉ æ 9(6.6%) ãä 136 Ýí ÔÈå ÇáãÊÑÍáå æ 18(5%) ãä 357 Ýí ÇáãÊÑÍáå æ 14(1.7%) ãä 810 Ýí ÇáãÔÊÑÇå ãä ÇáÃÓæÇÞ æ35 (2.7%) ãä 1317 Ýí æáÇíÉ ÌäæÈ ÏÇÑÝæÑ æ 5(3.2%) ãä 154 Ýí æáÇíÉ ÔãÇá ÏÇÑÝæÑ æ 15(18.1%) ãä 83 Ýí æáÇíÉ ÛÑÈ ÏÇÑÝæÑ æ 15(1.8%) ãä 815 Ýí ÇáÐßæÑ æ 40(5.4%) ãä 749 Ýí ÇáÅäÇË æ 55(3.8%) ãä ÇáÌãáÉ 1554 ÑÃÓÇﹰ.ÇáÅÌåÇÖ äÊíÌÉ ááãÑÖ ßÇä ãä ÇáÇÚÑÇÖ ÇáÚÇãÉ ááãÑÖ ÍíË ÅÌåÖÊ 13(9.8%) ãä 132 ÍÇáå ÈáÛ ÚäåÇ . æåäÇß ÍÇáå ÅÍÊÈÇÓ ãÔíãÉ ÇÊÖÍ ÇäåÇ ãæÌÈÉ ááãÑÖ. ßÇä ãÓÊæì ÇáÃÖÏÇÏ ÃÚáì Ýí ÇáÍÇáÇÊ ÇáãÑÖíÉ ÇáÙÇåÑÉ ÈáÛÊ 820 æÍÏÉ ÚÇáãíå Ýí ãÚÒÉ ãÌåÖÉ æ 102.5ãá  æÍÏÉ ÚÇáãíå/ãá Ýí ÇáãÕÇÈÉ ÈÅÍÊÈÇÓ ÇáãÔíãÉ. ÊæÕì ÇáÏÑÇÓå ÈÊØÚíã ÇáãÇÚÒ ÈáÞÇÍ ÇáÈÑæÓíáÇ ÇáãÌåÖÉ ÇáÚÊÑÉ S19 ¡ æÈáÞÇÍ ÇáÈÑæÓíáÇ ãáíÊäÓÒ ÑÝ æÇÍÏ (Rev 1) ááÊÍßã Ýí ÇáãÑÖ.

Summary

Serological and epizootiological studies on caprine brucellosis were conducted in 1554 goats of different sexes and age  in Darfur States. Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT), Complement Fixation test (CFT), Milk Ring test (MRT) and Competitive ELISA (cELISA) were used for diagnosis of the disease.  Serum Agglutination Test (SAT) was used for the determination of antibody titres.

The disease was sporadic but there were foci of high prevalence rates in South and West Darfur States in mixed flocks of sheep and goats and in goats kept with cattle harbouring the disease and suffered from waves of abortions.

 

٭ Present addrese: Animal Resources Research Corporation, Box 8067 (Alamarat), khartom,sudan

The prevalence of the disease in different management systems, states and sexes were 14 (5.6%) of 251 sedentary, nine (6.6%) of 136 

semi-nomadic, 18 (5%) of 357 nomadic 14 (1.7%) of 810 from markets, 35 (2.7%) of 1317 in South Darfur, five (3.2%) of 154 in North Darfur, 15(18.1%) of 83 in West  Darfur, 15(1.8%) of 815 males, 40(5.4%) of 739 females and 55(3.8%) of a total of the 1554 goats examined.

Abortion attributed to brucellosis was the common clinical manifestation of the disease and it accounted for 13 (9.8%) of 132 reported aborted cases. A nany goat that had suffered from a retained placenta was positive for the disease. SAT antibodies titres were higher in apparent clinical cases and reached 820 IU/ ml in an aborted nany goat and 102.5 IU/ml in a goat that had a retained placenta.

Vaccination of goats with Brucella abortus (B. abortus) S19 and Brucella melitensis Rev. I vaccines is recommended for control of the disease.

 
 
   
 
 

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