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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
           ÌãÚÊ ÚíäÉ ãä ÃÈæÇá ÇáÃÈá ãä ÇáÞÖÇÑÝ¡ ÇáÃÈíÖ¡ æÊãÈæá ÈÛÑÖ ááÝÍÕ ÇáÈßÊíÑì. ÚÒáÊ ÃäæÇÚ ãÎÊáÝÉ ãä ÇáÈßÊíÑíÇ åì ÇáÚäÞæÏíÉ ÇáÎäÒíÑíÉ (Staphylococcus hyicus)¡ ÚäÞæÏíÉ ÇáÑÃÓ (S. capitis)  ÇáÚäÞæÏíÉ ÇáÈÔÑíÉ (S. hominis)¡ ÇáÚäÞæÏíÉ ÇáÍÇáÉ ááÏã (S. haemolyticus)¡ ãÚÒæáÊíä ááãßæÑÉ ÇáÏÞíÞÉ (Micrococcus spp.)¡ ÇáæÊÏíÉ ÐÇÊ ÇáÃÎÇÏíÏ (Corynebacterium striatum)¡ æÊÏíÉ ÇáÌáÏ ÇáÌÇÝ (C. xerosis)¡ æÊÏíÉ ÇáÏÝÊÑíÇ ÇáßÇÐÈÉ (C. pseudodiphtheriticum)¡ ÇáÚÕæíÉ ÇáÔãÚíÉ (Bacillus ceceus)¡ æÇáãÇäåãíÉ ÇáÍÇáÉ ááÏã (Manhemia haemolytica).
ÃÌÑì ÇÎÊÈÇÑ ÍÓÇÓíÉ ÈÚÖ ãä ÃäæÇÚ ÇáÈÇßÊÑíÇ ÇáãÚÒæáÉ ãä ÇáÅäÓÇä¡ áÃÈæÇá ÇáÅÈá ßãÖÇÏ ááãíßÑæÈÇÊ. æÌÏ Ãä ÃÈæÇá ÇáÅÈá ÊËÈØ äãæ ÇáÚäÞæÏíÉ ÇáÐåÈíÉ¡ æÇáÇÔÑíßíÉ ÇáÞæáæäíÉ¡ æÇáÒÇÆÚÉ ÇáÒäÌÇÑíÉ æäæÚ ãä ÇáÓÇáãæäíÉ¡ ÃãÇ ÇáäíÓÑíÉ ÇáãÎÇØíÉ (Neisseria mucosa)¡ æÇáãÊÞáÈÉ ÇáÑÇÆÚÉ(Proteus mirabilis)¡ æÇáßáÈÓíÉ ÇáÑÆæíÉ (Klebsiella pneumoniae)¡ æÇáÈÑæÓíÉ ÇáãÌåÖÉ (Brucella abortus)Ýáã íÊÃËÑ äãæ Ãì ãäåä ÈÃÈæÇá ÇáÅÈá. ÚäÏãÇ ÇÚíÏÊ ÇáÊÌÑÈÉ ÈÚÏ ãÚÇÏáÉ ÏÑÌÉ ÇáÍãæÖÉ
æÇáÞáæíÉ (pH 7,1) áÈÚÖ ÃÈæÇá ÇáÅÈá ÒÇÏÊ ÍÓÇÓíÉ äÝÓ ÇáÈßÊíÑíÇ ÇáÊì ßÇä áÃÈæÇá ÇáÅÈá ÃËÑ Úáí äãæåÇ.

Summary
Two hundred and fifty samples of camel urine were collected from El-Gadaref, El Obeid and Tambool areas of the Sudan. They were subjected to bacteriological examinations. Different species of bacteria were isolated.  Staphylococcus hyicus, S. hominis, S. capitis, S. haemolyticus, Micrococcus spp, Corynebacterium striatum, C. xerosis, C. pseudodiphtheriticum, Bacillus cereus and Manhemia haemolytica, which was the only Gram-negative isolate.
Sensitivity test of some bacteria of human origin to camel urine as an anti-microbial agent was evaluated. It showed an inhibitory effect on the growth of S. aureus, E. coli, Salmonella  spp. and Pseudomonas  aeruginosa, but had no effect on Neisseria mucosa, Proteus  mirabilis, Klebsella pneumoniae  and  Brucella  abortus. Camel urine sensitive bacteria after its neutralization to pH 7.1, was expressed by wider zones of inhibition.
 

 

 
 
   
 
 

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