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Summary Recently an attention was paid to the seriousness of brucellosis in Sennar State in spite of its back-dated occurrence. A total of 2429 serum samples was collected from cattle (n=1547), sheep (n=585), goats (n=169), horses (n=100) and man (n=28). In addition, 24 vaginal swabs and 3 hygroma aspirates were collected from cattle, sheep and goats. The study was conducted during the period from May 2008 to April 2009. Serological tests used were the Rose Bengal Plate (RBPT), Modified Rose Bengal Plate test (mRBPT) and competitive ELISA (cELISA). Serum Agglutination Test (SAT) was used to measure antibody levels in the positive serum samples. Prevalence of brucellosis reached 24.1% in cattle, 4.9% in sheep, 4.7% in goat and 3.6% in man. No positive sample was reported from equine samples. The difference between the results of the different tests was marginal because of the disease endemicity in the state. The highest disease prevalence was found in dairy cattle. Two strains of Brucella abortus, biovar 6 and biovar 1, were isolated from hygroma aspirates. Different animal species, in the state, share the same pasture and water sources and those of households share the same premises at night. Therefore, spread of brucellosis is most likely to occur among different animals, and in man, through direct and indirect contacts with infected animals and animal products. This study recommends continual surveillance of brucellosis in the state to determine the magnitude of the problem and the prevalence of the disease in cattle, sheep, goats, horses and man. Adoption of immediate disease control measures accompanied by raising public awareness of its economic impact and hazards to public health are highly recommended. Participation of animal owners in routine animal vaccination to bring down the disease prevalence and adoption of an eradication programme via test and slaughter policy are strongly encouraged.

 
 
   
 
 

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