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Summary This study was conducted in dairy farms in Nyala town, South Darfur. Cattle of different age group, breed and sex were randomly sampled for ticks, blood smears and serum samples. Sampling was carried out on a monthly basis for one year starting from June 2006 to May 2007. The prevalence rate of Theileria spp. was 3.6% (43/1200) based on Giemsa’s stained blood smears. Using indirect fluorescent antibody test, out of 100 serum samples, 31 (31%) were positive for T. annulata antibodies. Four genera and thirteen species of ticks were found infesting cattle in the area. These were Amblyomma variegatum, A. lepidum, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus, R.(B.) decoloratus, Hyalomma anatolicum, H. anatolicum excavatum, H. dromedarii, H. impeltatum, H. impressum, H. marginatum rufipes, H. truncatum, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi and R. s. sanguineus. The impact of ticks and tropical theileriosis on cattle in South Darfur State is discussed. It is recommended that introduction of cattle from Central Sudan should be accompanied by strict tick control measures. Planned tick control programme on farms where H. anatolicum is present is highly recommended. Spread of this tick species to other farms, towns and probably across the international borders must be prevented.

 
 
   
 
 

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