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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË áÚÏÏ ãä ÇáÌæÇÐÈ ÇáÅÕØäÇÚíÉ ÈãÒÑÚÉ [(Diptera: Tabanidae) ÃÌõÑíÊ ªÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ áãÚÑÝÉ ÅÓÊÌÇÈÉ ÐÈÇÈ ÇáÎíá [ ËäÇÆì ÇáÃÌäÍÉ: ÊÈÇäÏì æ ãä ÇáÌæÇÐÈ ßá ãä ÎáíØ ÇáÃæßÊäæá æ ÇáÝíäæ áó íä (Nzi) ãÌãÚ ÇáÎÑØæã ÇáÕäÇÚí¡ ÌÈÑÉ¡ ¡ ÇáÓæÏÇä. ÃÓÊÎÏãÊ ãÕÇÆÏ ÅäÒì ÇáÃßÊäæá ¡ ØÚã ÇáÃßÊäæá ¡ ÇáäÔÇÏÑ (ÃæªíÏÑæßÓíÏ ÇáÃãæäíæã) ¡ ÃÓÊæä æ ÇáØÚã ÇáãÔßá ¡(Octenol-phenols blend) (ÃÓÊæä+ÎáíØ ÇáÃßÊäæá æ ÇáÝíäæ áó íä). ÃÎÊÈÑÊ ÝÚÇáíÉ ßá ªÐå ÇáÌæÇÐÈ ãä ÎáÇá ÎãÓ ÊÌÇÑÈ – ÅÔÊãáÊ ßá ÊÌÑÈÉ Úáì ËáÇË ãÕÇÆÏ: ÅÓÊÎÏã Ýì ÇáÃæáì ÇáãÇÁ ßãÕíÏÉ ÊÍßã æ Ýì ÇáËÇäíÉ ÎáíØ ÇáÃæßÊäæá æ ÇáÝíäæ áó íä æÝì ÇáãÕíÏÉ ÇáËÇáËÉ ÃÍÏ ÇáÌæÇÐÈ Atylotus ) ÇáÎãÓÉ ÇáÃÎÑì. ÃáÞÊ ÇáãÕÇÆÏ ÇáÞÈÖ Úáì ÇáÅäÇË ÝÞØ áËáÇË ÃäæÇÚ ãä ÐÈÇÈ ÇáÎíá ªì ÇáÃÊÇíáæÊÓ ÇáÑíÝíÉ ÃÙªÑÊ ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ Ãä .(Tabanus sufis) æ ÇáäÚÑÉ ÇáÕæÝíÉ (Tabanus taeniola) æ ÇáäÚÑÉ Çá ÔÑó íØö íÉ (agrestis ÇáÃÊÇíáæÊÓ ÇáÑíÝíÉ ªì ÃßËÑ ÇáÃäæÇÚ ÅäÊÔÇÑÇð ( 73.2 %) ÊáíªÇ ÇáäÚÑÉ ÇáÔõ Ñó íØö íÉ ( 20.5 %) Ëã ÇáäÚÑÉ ÇáÕæÝíÉ ( 6.3 %). ßãÇ æÌÏ Ãä ÇáãÕÇÆÏ ÇáãØÚãÉ ÈÎáíØ ÇáÃæßÊäæá æ ÇáÝíäæ áó íä ªì ÇáÃßËÑ ÌÐÈÇð æ ÈÇáÊÇáì ÅãÓÇßÇð áÐÈÇÈ ÇáÎíá ãä ÇáãÕÇÆÏ ÇáãØÚãÉ ÈÈÞíÉ ÇáÌæÇÐÈ ÇáãÎÊÈÑÉ. ÎáÕÊ ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ Çáì Ãä ãÕÇÆÏ ÅäÒì ÇáãØÚãÉ ÈÎáíØ ÇáÃæßÊäæá æ ÇáÝíäæ áó íä ¡ ãÚ ãÑÇÚÇÉ ÅÎÊáÇÝ ÞÇÈáíÉ ÇáÌÐÈ ÚäÏ ßá ãä ÃäæÇÚ ªÐÇ ÇáÐÈÇÈ æ ÅÎÊáÇÝ ÇáãäÇÎ ¡ íãßä ÅÓÊÎÏÇãªÇ Ýì ÚãáíÇÊ ÇáãÓÍ áãÚÑÝÉ ãÏì ÅäÊÔÇÑ ÐÈÇÈ ÇáÎíá æ ÇáÓíØÑÉ Úáíå. Summary Response of tabanids (Diptera: Tabanidae) to synthetic attractants was studied at Khartoum Industrial Complex farming area which is located in Jabra, Khartoum Locality, Khartoum State, Sudan. A combination of substances including 1-octen-3-ol, 3-n-propylphenol and pcresol in the proportions 4:1:8 or Octenol (1-octen-3-ol), octenol lure, ammonia, acetone and composite bait, was tested to study its effect on trap catch. Attracted flies were caught by Nzi traps. Only females tabanids were captured by the traps. Atylotus agrestis, Tabanus taeniola and T. sufis were collected by both the baited and control Nzi traps. Atylotus agrestis was the most abundant species (73.20%) followed by Tabanus taeniola (20.50%) and T. sufis (6.30%). The traps baited with octenol and phenols blend caught significantly more tabanids than did other traps baited with the rest of test odours. It is concluded that such baited Nzi traps can be used for control of biting flies associated with dairy farms in the Sudan.

 
 
   
 
 

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