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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË áÛÑÖ ªÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ¡ ÞÓã ÇáÓæÏÇä Åáì ËáÇË ãäÇØÞ- ÇáãäØÞÉ ÇáÔÑÞíÉ æÇáÛÑÈíÉ æÇáæÓØì. ÍÏÏÊ ãæÇÞÚ ãÚíäÉ áÓÞì ÇáÅÈá Ýì ªÐå ÇáãäÇØÞ íÒæÑªÇ ÑÚÇÉ ÇáÅÈá ÈÅäÊÙÇã. ÌãÚÊ ÚíäÇÊ ÇáÑæË ãÈÇÔÑÉ ãä ÏÇÎá ãÚì ÇáãÓÊÞíã æ ÅÓÊÎÏãÊ áßæßÓíÏíÇ ÇáÅÈá. ÌãÚÊ ÃíÖ Çð ÚíäÇÊ ãä (Oocysts) ÊÞäíÉ ÃÓÊæá ÇáãÚÏáÉ ááßÔÝ Úä æÚÏ ÇáÈíæÖ ÇáãÊßíÓÉ ÇáÊÑÈÉ¡ ÈÚÏ ãæÓã ÇáÃãØÇÑ¡ ãä äÝÓ ãæÇÞÚ ÇáÓÞì áÝÍÕªÇ ÈÍËÇð Úä æÌæÏ ÈíæÖ ãÊßíÓÉ ÍíÉ. ÃËÈÊ ÇáÈÍË æÌæÏ ßá æ ÇáÃíãíÑíÉ (E. dromedarii) æ ÃíãíÑíÉ ÇáÅÈá æÍíÏÉ ÇáÓäÇã (Eimerua cameli) ãä ÇáÃíãíÑíÉ ÇáÅÈáíÉ æÌÏ Ãä ãÊæÓØ ãÚÏá ÅäÊÔÇÑÏÇÁ ÇáßæßÓíÏíÇ ªæ 16.1 ٪¡ íÑÊÝÚ Çáì 21.4 % ÎáÇá .(E. rajasthani) ÇáÑÇÌÓÊÇäíÉ Ãﻄ ÃßÊæÈÑ æäæÝãÈÑ æÏíÓãÈÑ æíäÎÝÖ Çáì 12.8 % ÎáÇá Ãﻄ ÇáÌÝÇÝ Ýì ãÇÑÓ æÇÈÑíá æãÇíæ æíæäíæ. ÅÈáÛ Úä ÊáæË ÇáÊÑÈÉ ÈÇáÈíæÖ ÇáãÊßíÓÉ ááßæßÓíÏíÇ ÈäÓÈÉ 29.6 ٪. ææÌÏ Çä ÃÚáì ãÚÏá áÊáæË ÇáÊÑÈÉ Ýí ÇáÚíäÇÊ ÇáÊì ÌãÚÊ ãä ÇáãäØÞÉ ÇáÔÑÞíÉ æÃÏäì ãÚÏá Ýì ÚíäÇÊ ÇáãäØÞÉ ÇáæÓØì. Summary For the purpose of this study, Sudan was divided into three parts, eastern, western and central. Watering sites, known to be regularly visited by camel herders in these parts, were targeted. Faecal samples were obtained directly from the recta of camels and Stoll modified technique was used to detect and count coccidial oocysts. Soil samples were also obtained from the same sites after the rainy season and examined under the microscope for the presence of viable coccidial oocysts. Eimeria cameli, E. dromedarii and E. rajasthani oocysts were identified. The overall prevalence rate was found to be 16.1%; high during October, November and December (21.4%) and low during the dry months of March, April, May and June (12.8%). Soil contamination with coccidial oocysts was reported as 29.6%. The highest contamination rate was detected in samples from the eastern part and the lowest from the central part.

 
 
   
 
 

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