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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
ÃÌÑíÊ åÐå ÇáÊÌÇÑÈ áÏÑÇÓÉ ÊÃËíÑ äÈÇÊ ÍÈÉ Çáãáæß  (Jatropha curcas)ãÎáæØÉ ãÚ äÈÇÊ æíßÉ ÇáÎáÇÁ (Hibiscus trionum) ÇáÌÇÝÉ Úáí ÐßæÑ ÇáãÇÚÒ ÇáäæÈíÉ. Ýí ÇáÈÏÇíÉ ØÍäÊ ÈÐæÑ äÈÇÊ ÍÈÉ Çáãáæß æßÐáß äÈÇÊ æíßÉ ÇáÎáÇÁ ÇáÌÇÝÉ Ëã ÎáØ ÇáäÈÇÊÇÊ ÈäÓÈ ãÊÝÇæÊÉ: 75% ãä æíßÉ ÇáÎáÇÁ ãÚ 25% ÈÐæÑ ÍÈÉ Çáãáæß 50% ãä æíßÉ ÇáÎáÇÁ ãÚ 50% ãä ÈÐæÑ ÍÈÉ Çáãáæß¡ 33.3% ãä æíßÉ ÇáÎáÇÁ ãÚ 66.6% ÈÐæÑ ÍÈÉ Çáãáæß æ25% ãä æíßÉ ÇáÎáÇÁ ãÚ 75% ãä ÈÐæÑ ÍÈÉ Çáãáæß0 åÐå ÇáÎáØÇÊ ÐæÈÊ Ýí ÇáãÇÁ ßá Úáì ÍÏå Ëã ÃÚØíÊ Ýí Ôßá ÌÑÚÇÊ íæãíÉ ËÇÈÊÉ æåí 2 ÌÑÇã áßá ßíáæ ÌÑÇã ãä ÇáæÒä ÇáÍí ááãÌãæÚÇÊ 4¡3¡2æ5 Úáí ÇáÊÑÊíÈ ÃãÇ ãÇÚÒ ÇáãÌãæÚÉ ÇáÃæáì ÝÞÏ ÇÓÊÎÏãÊ áãÞíÇÓ ááãÞÇÈáÉ æÇáÊÍÞÞ. 
Ãåã ÇáÚáÇãÇÊ ÇáãÑÖíÉ áåÐÇ ÇáÊÓãã åæ ÇáÅÓåÇá ÇáÔÏíÏ æÇáÃäíä æÓÑÚÉ ÇáÊäÝÓ æÇáÌÝÇÝ æÝÞÏÇä ÇáæÚí æÚÏã ÇáÍÑßÉ. ÍÏË ÇáãæÊ Ýì ÇáãÇÚÒ Èíä Çáíæã ÇáËÇäí æÇáÎÇãÓ ÈÚÏ ÊäÇæá ÇáÌÑÚÇÊ. ÇáÂÝÇÊ ÇáãÑÖíÉ ÇáæÇÖÍÉ åí äÒÝ ßËíÝ Úáí ÇáÃÓØÍ ÇáãÎÇØíÉ ááÌåÇÒ ÇáåÖãí æÇáÑÆæí æÇáßÈÏ æÇáÑÆÉ æÇáÞáÈ æÇáßáí ãÚ ÞÕæÑ Ýí æÙÇÆÝ ÇáßÈÏ æÒíÇÏÉ Ýí ÊÑßíÒ ÅäÒíã ÇáÜ AST  æäÞÕ Ýí ÊÑßíÒ ÇáÈÑæÊíä æÇáßÇáÓíæã Ýí ãÕá ÇáÏã. ÅÊÖÍ ÈÇáãÞÇÑäÉ ãÚ ÏÑÇÓÇÊ ÓÇÈÞÉ Ãä ÇáÊÃËíÑÇÊ ÇáÓãíÉ ááäÈÇÊíä ãÚÇð ÇÔÏ Úáí ÐßæÑ ÇáãÇÚÒ ãä ÇáÊÝÇÚáÇÊ ÇáÓãíÉ  áßá äÈÇÊ.

Summary
Studies were carried out in Nubian male goats fed with a mixture of Jatropha curcas seeds and Hibiscus trionum dry shoot in fixed proportion 75% Hibiscus and 25% Jatropha seeds; 50% Hibiscus and 50% Jatropha seeds, 33.3% Hibiscus and 66.6% Jatropha seeds and 25% Hibiscus with 75% Jatropha seeds. The mixtures of the two plants were dissolved in water and given by drench at a fixed dose level of 2 g/kg/day to each animal in group (groups 2, 3,4 and 5). Goats of group 1 were kept as undosed controls.
Profused diarrhoea, rapid respiration, abdominal pain, salivation, moaning, anorexia, reduced water intake, ataxia and recumbency were the prominent clinical signs of toxicity. Death occurred 2 to 5 days following feeding of the mixture. The main pathological changes were echymotic diffuse haemorrhage and congestion in the rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum, liver, heart, lungs and kidneys, catarrhal and/or haemorrhagic entritis, ulcers in the small intestine and pulmonary cyanosis were also prominent.
There was a significant increase (P > 0.05) in the activity of the enzyme AST and a significant decrease (P > 0.05) in the concentration of total proteins and calcium in sera of dosed goats.
No significant (P<0.05) changes in the concentration of bilirubin, magnesium and in the activity of the enzyme ALT. It was concluded that the combined feeding of the two plants is more toxic and lethal to Nubian male goats than feeding each plant alone.

 

 


 

 
 
   
 
 

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