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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË
            ÈÏà ÇáÊÞÕí Ýí ÇäÊÔÇÑ ãÑÖ ÈãÒÑÚÉ ÃáÈÇä ÓßÑ ßäÇäå Ýí äæÝãÈÑ 2003.  ÃÙåÑ ÇÎÊÈÇÑ ÇáÊßÏÓ ÇáÏãæí Ýí ÇáÃäÇÈíÈ ÇáÔÚÑíå æÌæÏ ØÝíá ãËÞÈíÉ ÝÇíÝÇßÓ (T. vivax) Ýí (%50) 23 ãä 46 ÚíäÉ Ïã Êã ÌãÚåÇ ãä ÇáÇÈÞÇÑ¡ ßãÇ æÌÏ Çä 7 (6.6%) ãä Êáß ÇáÇÈÞÇÑ ãÕÇÈÉ ÈØÝíá ÇáãÊæÑÞÉ ÇáÚãáÇÞå    (Fasciola gigantica)ÊÈÚ Ðáß ÚáÇÌ ßá ÇáÞØíÚ ÖÏ ãÑÖ ÇáãËÞÈíÇÊ ÈÚÞÇÑ ÅÓÊíÏÑÇÊ ÇáÏÇíãíäÇÒíä (Diminazene aceturate)  ÈÌÑÚÉ ãÞÏÇÑåÇ 3.5 ãÌã/ßÌã. ÚäÏ ãÑÇÌÚÉ  ÇáãÒÑÚÉ ÈÚÏ ËáÇËÉ ÃÔåÑ. æÌÏ Ãä 23 ÑÃÓÇõ ãä ÇáÇÈÞÇÑ ãÕÇÈÉ ÈãËÞÈíÉ ÝÇíÝÇßÓ ãä ÃÕá 406 ÚíäÉ Êã ÝÍÕåÇ¡ ßãÇ ßÇäÊ äÊíÌÉ ÝÍÕ 84 ÚíäÉ ÑæË (ÌãÚÊ ÚÔæÇÆíÂ) åì 22(20%) ÅÕÇÈÉ ÈÇáãÊæÑÞÉ ÇáÚãáÇÞÉ æ26(31%) ÃÕÇÈÉ ÈÇáÇíãÑíÉ æ8(9.5%) ÈÇáÏíÏÇä ÇáÇÓØæÇäíÉ Strongyle spp.). äÊíÌÉ áÐáß ÇÓÊÎÏã ÚÞÇÑ ÇáÓÇãæÑíä (Isometamiduim) æØÇÑÏ ááÏíÏÇä áÚáÇÌ ßá ÇáÞØíÚ. ÈÚÏ ãÑæÑ ÓäÉ. ÃÌÑíÊ ÚãáíÉ ãÑÇÌÚÉ áÍÇáÉ ÇáÞØíÚ æáã ÊÓÌá ÝÍÕ 50 ÚíäÉ ÌãÚÊ ÚÔæÇÆíÇ ãä ÇáÏã Ãì ÍÇáÉ ÅÕÇÈÉ ÈãÑÖ ØÝíá ÇáãËÞÈíÇÊ ãÚ ãáÇÍÙÉ  Ãä ÅäÊÇÌíÉ ÇáÞØíÚ ÞÏ ÚÇÏÊ Çáí ãÚÏáåÇ ÇáØÈíÚì. ÇáÌÏíÑ ÈÇáÐßÑ Çä ÇáÎÓÇÆÑ ÇáäÇÊÌÉ ãä ÝÇÞÏ ÇäÊÇÌ ÇáÍáíÈ ÞÏÑÊ ÈãÇ íÚÇÏá 180000 ÏæáÇÑ ÃãÑíßí.
ßÔÝ ÝÍÕ ÚíäÇÊ ãä ÊÑÈÉ  ÞäæÇÊ ÇáÑí ÈÇáãäØÞÉ Úä æÌæÏ ÃÌäÇÓ ãÎÊáÝÉ ãä ÇáÞæÇÞÚ ãäåÇ ÌäÓ áíãäíÇ (Lymnaea) æÈæáÇíäÓ (Bulinus) æÇááÊÇä ËÈÊ ÇÕÇÈÊåÇ ÈÇáÃØæÇÑ ÇáíÑÞíÉ ááãÊæÑÞÉ ÇáÚãáÇÞÉ
(Fasciola gigantica) æÇáãäÔÞÉ ÇáÈÞÑíÉ )  Schistosoma bovis). ÃËÈÊ äÕÈ ãÕÇÆÏ  "ÃÈÓáæä" ááÐÈÇÈ Úä æÌæÏ äæÚíä ãä ÚÇÆáÉ ÇáÊÈÇäÓ (Tabanidae) åãÇ ÃÊÇÈáæÊÓ ÃÌÑÓÊíÓ (Atytolus agrestis) æÊÈÇäÓ ÊíäíæáÇ  (Tabanus taeniola). äæÞÔÊ ÚáÇÞÉ ÇáäÊÇÆÌ ÇáÊí Êã ÇáÍÕæá ÚáíåÇ ÈÇáÙÑæÝ ÇáÈíÆíÉ æÇáãäÇÎíÉ æäÙÇã ÓíÇÓÉ ÇáÞØíÚ Ýí åÐå ÇáãÒÑÚÉ.

 

Summary
           A serious disease problem was investigated in November 2003 at Kenana Sugar Company dairy cattle farm, The White Nile State, Sudan. Haematocrit centrifugation technique showed that 23 (50%) out of 46 cattle examined were infected with Trypanosoma vivax. Faecal sedimentation and floatation methods revealed that 7 (6.6%) of these animals were also infected with Fasciola gigantica. After mass treatment of cattle with Diminazene aceturate against trypanosomosis, a follow-up examination of a randomly selected 407 cattle, three months later, showed that 23 animals (5.4%) were still infected with T. vivax and faecal samples examination of 80 animals revealed that 22 (26.1%), 26 (31%) and 8 (9.5%) were suffering from F. gigantica, Eimeria spp. and nematodes spp. infections, respectively.
The manifestation of trypanosomosis subsided after mass treatment with Isometamidium, a fasciolicide and an anthelmentic. A year later, the farm was visited and the herd was found in a good health condition and free from T. vivax infection
The loss in milk production alone due to the disease outbreak was estimated at U$ 180 000.
Scoops from the edges of the irrigation canals revealed the presence of several snail genera, including Lymnaea and Bulinus which were found infected with the infective cercariae of Fasciola gigantica and Schistosoma bovis, respectively. Concurrent cattle observation and use trap of Epsilon revealed the presence of two species of Tabanidae, Atylotus agrestis and Tabanus taeniola. The results obtained are discussed in relation to the ecology, climatic conditions and system of animal husbandry practice in Kenana area.

 

 

 
 
   
 
 

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