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ãáÎÕ ÇáÈÍË

ÃÌÑíÊ åÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ áãÚÑÝÉ ÃäæÇÚ ÇáÈÇßÊÑíÇ ÇáãÎÊáÝÉ ÇáÊí ÊÊæÇÌÏ Ýí ÇáÌåÇÒ ÇáÊäÇÓáí áÅäÇË ÇáÖÃä æÇáãÇÚÒ æãÞÇÑäÉ Ðáß ÈãÔÇßá ÚÏã ÇáÅäÌÇÈ . ÌãÚÊ ÇáÚíäÇÊ áåÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ ãä ãæÇÞÚ ãÎÊáÝÉ Ýí ÇáÓæÏÇä ÍíË ÊÑÈì ÞØÚÇä ÇáÖÃä æÇáãÇÚÒ . ÈÇÓÊÎÏÇã ØÑÞ ÇáÇÓÊäÈÇÊ ÇáåæÇÆí ááÈßÊÑíÇ ÇÓÊäÈÊÊ  ãÓÍÇÊ ãä ÇáãåÈá æÚäÞ ÇáÑÍã  æ ÚíäÇÊ ãä ÛÓíá ÇáÑÍã. æÌÏÊ ÇáÈßÊÑíÇ Ýì ãåÈá æ ÚäÞ ÇáÑÍã æ ÑÍã ÇáãÇÚÒ ÈäÓÈÉ  21.6% ¡ 16.7% ¡ 30.8%  Úáì ÇáÊæÇáí æÝì ÇáÖÃä  ÈäÓÈÉ 14.7% ¡ 26.9 % ¡ 33.3% Ýì ÇáãåÈá æÚäÞ ÇáÑÍã  æÇáÑÍã Úáì ÇáÊæÇáí ÃíÖÇ . ÈÚÖ ÃäæÇÚ ÇáÈÇßÊÑíÇ ÇáãÚÒæáÉ ãÚÑæÝÉ ÈÃäåÇ ããÑÖÉ ãÞÇÑäÉ ÈÃäæÇÚ ÃÎÑì ÇáÊí ÊÊæÇÌÏ ÈÕæÑÉ ØÈíÚíÉ Ýí ÇáÌåÇÒ ÇáÊäÇÓáí áÅäÇË ÇáÖÃä æÇáãÇÚÒ . ÃÌÑíÊ ãÞÇÑäÉ Èíä ÓÌáÇÊ ÇáÎÕæÈÉ ÈãÍØÉ Çã Èäíä  æÈÚÖ ÇáÈßÊÑíÇ ÇáÊí Êã ÚÒáåÇ ãä ÃÛäÇã Êáß ÇáãÍØÉ. ÇáãÚáæãÇÊ ÇáÊí ÌãÚÊ Ýí åÐå ÇáÏÑÇÓÉ ÃÓÓÊ ááÚáÇÞÇÊ Èíä æÌæÏ ÇáÈÇßÊÑíÇ ÇáããÑÖÉ æÈíä ãÔÇßá ÇáÎÕæÈÉ æÇáæáÏÇÊ ÇáÞÇÏãÉ ÎÇÕÉ Ýí ÃäËì ÇáÖÃä ÍíË æÌæÏ ÈÚÖ ÃäæÇÚ ÇáÈÇßÊÑíÇ áÇ íÄËÑ Úáì ÎÕæÈÉ ÇáÍíæÇä .

Summary

                The present study was carried out to isolate and identify bacteria inhabiting the female reproductive tract of goats and sheep with the purpose of correlating their presence with problems of infertility. Specimens were collected from goats and sheep reared at different localities of the Sudan.  Swabs were used for collecting vaginal and cervical specimens while uterine specimens were collected by washing. Using aerobic cultural methods, various bacterial species were isolated from the regions of the reproductive tract of the two animal species. The incidence of bacteria was 21.6%, 16.7% and 30.8% for the vaginal, cervical and uterine specimens of goats respectively, while in sheep the incidence was 14.7%, 26.9% and 33.3% for the vaginal, cervical and uterine specimens, respectively. Some of the bacterial isolates are known to be potential pathogens, while others are considered as normal microflora.

                Breeding records of ewes sampled at um Benien Dairy farm showed an association between isolation of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aurous, Streptococcus species and Listeria species and cases of abortion and/or failure of conception. The data collected established a relationship between the presence of certain species of pathogenic bacteria in the reproductive tract and subsequent infertility problems, particularly in  ewes,  whereas,  the presence  of normal bacterial flora appeared not to influence the reproductive performance of the animals.

 
 
   
 
 

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